Family Planning

Family Planning

Pills
Contraceptive pills prevent you from getting pregnant in 95% of cases and it comes close to providing 99% protection when taken around the same time every day.

  • Combined oral contraceptive pills contain two types of hormones, an estrogenic and a progestin. They work by stopping ovulation (release of an egg) and by inhibiting the implantation of embryo.
  • Progestin-only pill does not contain estrogen. They thicken cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus.
  • Emergency contraception (EC as kwon as morning after pill) is birth control used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. This should be taken as soon as possible after semen exposure.

Condom

  • Male condoms prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
  • It can be brought over the counter, at places like drugstores and supermarkets.

Injection

  • The contraceptive injection mainly works by stopping the ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation).
  • It is effective between 94% to 99%.
  • Effectiveness of the injection lasts 3 months.

IUD Intrauterine Device

  • Small, t-shaped device is inserted into a uterus to prevent pregnancy.
  • It must be inserted by a health care provider
  • IUD can stay in place for up to 5 years depends on the type of IUD and is a highly effective form of contraception
  • Doctor may want to see you 4 to 6 weeks after the IUD insertion, to make sure it is in place.

Implant

  • Implanon is a soft rod-shaped implant (4cm x 2mm) that’s made of hormone called progestogen.
  • A doctor inserts it under the skin on the inner side of the upper arm.
  • The rod slowly releases etonogestrel into the body over a 3-year period.