Family Planning

Family Planning

Contraceptive pills prevent you from getting pregnant in 95% of cases and it comes close to providing 99% protection when taken around the same time every day.

  • Combined oral contraceptive pills contain two types of hormones, an estrogenic and a progestin. They work by stopping ovulation (release of an egg) and by inhibiting the implantation of embryo.
  • Progestin-only pill does not contain estrogen. They thicken cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus.
  • Emergency contraception (EC as kwon as morning after pill) is birth control used to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. This should be taken as soon as possible after semen exposure.


  • Male condoms prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
  • It can be brought over the counter, at places like drugstores and supermarkets.


  • The contraceptive injection mainly works by stopping the ovaries from releasing an egg (ovulation).
  • It is effective between 94% to 99%.
  • Effectiveness of the injection lasts 3 months.

IUD Intrauterine Device

  • Small, t-shaped device is inserted into a uterus to prevent pregnancy.
  • It must be inserted by a health care provider
  • IUD can stay in place for up to 5 years depends on the type of IUD and is a highly effective form of contraception
  • Doctor may want to see you 4 to 6 weeks after the IUD insertion, to make sure it is in place.


  • Implanon is a soft rod-shaped implant (4cm x 2mm) that’s made of hormone called progestogen.
  • A doctor inserts it under the skin on the inner side of the upper arm.
  • The rod slowly releases etonogestrel into the body over a 3-year period.